Vaduz, Liechtenstein — 29th November – æternity, the open-source smart contracts blockchain protocol, has released Roma, the first live implementation of its next-generation blockchain.
The Roma release features a unique stack of technological solutions that address blockchain scalability and enable developers to create decentralised applications in Sophia, the functional programming language developed by æternity. The release represents a pivotal moment in the history of the æternity project, letting early adopters, developers, and miners for the first time test and build upon a live version of its decentralised network.
æternity Founder Yanislav Malahov said: “After two years’ hard work, æternity has created a system that delivers on the original promise of enabling faster transactions without sacrificing rich functionality and decentralisation. The protocol is based on an entirely new architecture that builds on the lessons learned over the past ten years of blockchain-focused research. The launch of Roma is an important step toward mainstream adoption. We think of æternity as a community-centered blockchain. We will continue to develop and propose the incorporation of new features and improvements to the protocol. Our main goal is to continuously increase its user-friendliness and enhance its utility for developers and users.”
The release lets the community — primarily its technical users including miners and developers — adopt a live version of the aeternity platform by making it more secure and being rewarded for their efforts with AE, the native token of the network. æternity recently received a security audit from the Swiss company cnlab, which found that its protocol and node implementation are fit for purpose and that its Base æpp offers the necessary security for commercial use. Roma allows for the requisite period of time for the platform’s mining power to accumulate, stabilise, and decentralise.
An inability to scale is one of the primary challenges associated with mainstream blockchain adoption. To tackle this and improve cost-of-use, the æternity protocol incorporates an academia-developed a consensus mechanism, BitcoinNG, developed by researchers at Cornell University. The mechanism improves the battle-tested Nakamoto Consensus used in Bitcoin. æternity also features the first live implementations of state channels technology based on a functional programming language. State channels allow transactions and smart contracts to be executed off-chain, enabling lightning-fast peer-to-peer value transfers in a private and secure environment. This lets users communicate quickly and inexpensively, writing the results back to the blockchain when security and permanence are required. In addition, æternity’s reference node, Epoch, is written in Erlang, a functional language developed by the telecommunications industry for ultimate reliability and throughput.
Tackling another hurdle on the road to mass adoption of blockchain technology, æternity incorporates oracles, naming system, and on-chain governance. Oracles are essential for smart contracts and can be used as triggers for automated services. Using the æternity blockchain, any user can become an oracle operator and receive AE tokens for information they provide to smart contracts or other users in the network. The integrated naming system allows for smart contracts, oracles, and accounts to be referred to with human-readable names, immensely improving user-friendliness and reducing costly mistakes. The on-chain governance mechanism realises a form of blockchain-based liquid democracy, enabling AE token users to formally provide opinions on various topics, including the future of the æternity protocol.
Finally, with Roma released, developers are free to create decentralized applications in Sophia, a functional language developed especially for smart contracts that aims to address the scalability and security-related imperfections plaguing other currently existing solutions.
In the coming months, the startup projects supported by æternity Starfleet, æternity’s accelerator for blockchain startups building on its platform, will start delivering the first decentralised applications on the æternity network, growing the ecosystem and testing the commercial viability of various blockchain use cases.