Because of the energy intensive nature of industrial crypto mining, data centres are often located in areas with affordable electricity and ideally with low temperatures to ensure the CPUs don’t overheat.
Mining farms in warmer climates have the added expense of requiring fans and cooling equipment which can greatly add to the costs.
Bratsk – a city in eastern Siberia
Bratsk is located in severe climatic conditions in eastern Siberia. Winter in this region lasts almost eight months, and the temperature can reach as low as minus 35-40 degrees.
Bratsk is considered the most important energy centre in Russia. The city arose in the process of developing Siberia in 1955 and served as a place of exile for famous poets and public figures in the middle of the 19th century.
Currently, the city is the largest industrial centre in the country and the second most populous in the Irkutsk region with over 230,000 inhabitants.
Bratsk Hydroelectric Power Station
Bratsk was initially founded as the location for a large hydroelectric power station (HPS).
The station’s structures form one of the largest reservoirs in the world. The Bratsk HPS is Russia’s third largest and first annual average hydroelectric power station.
The largest data centre in the CIS
The cryptocurrency market in Russia has yet to explode into life thanks to the lack of any regulatory framework, but despite this, large data centres are appearing in the country that can generate energy on an industrial scale for mining new coins.
BitRiver set up the mining farm right next to the Bratsk HPS and pays owners En+ Group directly for the electricity.
The power station sells any excess capacity to the mining farm allowing for additional profit while the farm itself profits from the cheaper rates.
BitRiver claims that the purchase of the electricity is an absolutely legal and official transaction, despite the fact that regulation of cryptocurrencies in Russia has not yet been adopted.
In general, the appearance of a major data centre in Bratsk is a positive for the city. The emergence of new jobs and special training courses on cryptocurrency and blockchain will significantly improve the quality of life of citizens.
At the University of Bratsk, a new discipline about blockchain technology for students who dream of working in the field of information technology has appeared.
BitRiver has stated that it plans to expand its activities in the field of education and the promotion of new technologies throughout the area.
Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed by the author should not be considered as financial advice. We do not give advice on financial products.