2021 was a game-changer for the crypto market. Bitcoin hit its new all-time high several times last year, albeit with a few big drops. The second biggest crypto, Ethereum, had its fair share as well, as it has hit its highest price recently.
It looks like many people have started to understand how crypto works. Their interests have grown over the last few years since crypto’s inception in the financial market. In fact, some financial experts see cryptocurrency as the future of money.
But as cryptocurrency has taken the plunge, the financial industry should be wary of its use in a decentralized market. Governments should also impose realistic regulations to safeguard investors and prevent cyberattacks on digital assets.
One of the biggest questions is: how does crypto get taxed?
For the uninitiated, a cryptocurrency is a form of digital or virtual currency. It serves as an alternative form of payment using encryption algorithms in blockchain technology (a distributed ledger in a network of computers).
In other words, you can conduct financial transactions online without using conventional currencies like dollars or euros. As a decentralized system, crypto exists without the control of central authorities and governments. As an encryption structure, it doesn’t only serve as a virtual currency but also as a digital accounting system. Some of the crypto’s advantages include cheaper transactions and faster fund transfers. On the other hand, it is subject to volatile pricing and potential exposure to cyberattacks.
“While building their investment portfolio, they must start to look at other alternatives. They should begin to learn and understand how crypto works,” Tsang said. “As we’re heading towards virtual currency, it pays to start investing in crypto early on.”
The Correlation between Cryptocurrency and Taxation Worldwide
We know that tax is part and parcel of life. Almost everything is taxable in this world. While cryptocurrency is relatively new as a market, it must be subject to tax.
Crypto can be mined or purchased in cryptocurrency exchanges. You can also sell it to another person or investor. Some people use crypto to buy goods or items in online retail stores. It is, for these reasons, crypto needs to get taxed.
Know, however, that cryptocurrency is looked at differently by various countries. In fact, it’s legal in most countries, while it may be illegal in some. Also, some countries tax crypto while others do not. Here’s what you need to know:
- United States: The country sees crypto as an investment asset, not a currency. The Notice 2014-21 states: “Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is aware that virtual currency may be used to pay for goods or services or held for investment. Virtual currency is a digital representation of value that functions as a medium of exchange, a unit of account, or a store of value.” Crypto gets taxed as capital gains, where the Federal tax rate is zero to 37 percent. The tax is called capital gains tax or CGT.
- Australia: Crypto is also considered an asset or trading stock in Australia. It’s an asset if the CGT gets disposed of and a trading stock if it becomes a business activity for selling and buying assets.
- United Kingdom: Crypto is also considered an asset in the UK. The HMRC has also issued a manual for the regulation of crypto taxation. It states that crypto is a personal asset for capital appreciation or certain purchases. Same as Australia, disposing of crypto requires a CGT.
- Canada: Same as the countries mentioned above, Canada also looks at crypto as an asset. Depending on the nature of trading transactions, it can either get taxed as CGT (50%) or income tax (100%).
Furthermore, some countries don’t tax cryptocurrency. Below are some of them:
- Germany: It has exempted crypto transactions from VAT.
- Singapore: Individuals and companies holding crypto for long-term investment are not taxed. But as a business makes transactions, its profits get taxed in the form of income tax.
- Malaysia: Same as Singapore, this country makes crypto tax-free. However, there might be some changes anytime soon.
- Portugal: This country has also exempted crypto from tax, although business profits from crypto gains are still taxed.
- China: The country has considered issuing its own digital currency soon. It does not recognize cryptocurrency as legal tender. Also, their banks and financial institutions do not accept crypto transactions.
- Russia: The country does not recognize digital currency as a legal payment. The Russian ruble remains to be the only official currency.
In addition, CoinMarketCap has enlisted countries that have passed legislation on allowing crypto as legal tender. In fact, Shaun Heng, CoinMarketCap’s VP of Growth and Operations, said Paraguay, Venezuela, Anguilla, the United States, and Panama might follow suit.
“It looks like countries and people are becoming more and more open to accepting and using digital currencies. Crypto looks bright and promising. It’s safe to say that it is the future of money,” Heng said.
Crypto: The Future of Money
It’s now imperative to learn how crypto works and understand its financial implications on the global market. Most importantly, understand its impact on you as an investor.
On top of these, you must learn how crypto gets taxed in your jurisdiction or country. Consider the valuable information discussed above. With all these in mind, you know what to expect in your crypto investment as far as taxation is concerned.
In the end, cryptocurrency should boost your financial assets — not lead you to financial losses!
Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed by the author should not be considered as financial advice. We do not give advice on financial products.